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Introduction of Healthy Cities

  • The concept of Healthy cities
  • The History of Healthy Cities
  • Network of Healthy Cities
건강도시 소개

Definition of Health

Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infinity. (WHO, 1948)

The concept of Healthy Cities

A healthy city is one that is continually creation and improving its physical and social environment, and expanding those community resources which enable people to mutually support to each other in performing all the functions of life and develops them to their maximum potential. (WHO,2004)

The purpose of Healthy Cities

A healthy city aims to improve the health of city dwellers by improving health and environmental conditions and services, to achieve “Health for All” through the creativity of local governments and communities.

The goal of Healthy Cities

The key features of a Healthy Cities project include powerful political support, inter-sectoral collaboration, active participation of city dwellers, integration of activities in living settings, development of a city health profile and a local action plan, periodic monitoring and evaluation, participatory research and analyses, information sharing, involvement of the media, in corporation of views from all groups within the community, sustainability, linkage with community development and human development, and national and international networking.

Healthy Cities requirements

  • Clean, safe, and high-quality physical environments.
  • Ecological stability and sustainability.
  • An inter-sectoral collaboration system and a community without exploitation.
  • Active participation of city dwellers and control of any problems having an influence on individual life, health, and welfare.
  • All city dwellers satisfied with factors in everyday life(including food, water supply, housing conditions, income, safety, and working conditions)
  • Establishing interaction and communication among city dwellers, and gaining access to resources.
  • City economy with diverse, active, and innovative initiatives.
  • Promoting history culture and biological heritage or the linkage between all groups within the community and individuals.
  • Optimizing public health and health care services for all city dwellers.
  • High level of health and low occurrence rate of disease.
  • City structure where the above conditions can coexist and can be promoted